The Dutch CarPark titlelanguagesourceswarehousegenealogyhistoryarchivesintrositemap

Generic Family Tree,
including Middle Dutch equivalents and synonyms

-- To find the English- and Middle Dutch translations click an oval --


dutch names of relations, used in genealogical treesuncleuncleauntuncleauntgrandmothergreat-grandfathergreat-grandmothergreat-great-grandfathergreat-great-grandmothergreat-great-great-grandfathergreat-great-great-great-grandfathergrandfatherauntgreat-uncleoudtantegrand-nephewgrand-niecebrother-in-lawsister-in-lawdaughter-in-lawson-in-lawnephewniececousincousincousincousinspouse, wifebrothersistergreat-grandsongreat-granddaughtergrandsongrandsongranddaughtergranddaughtersondaughtergrandfathergrandmothermotherfathergreat-great-great-grandmothergreat-great-great-great-grandmother

 

Translations English-,Dutch-, Middle Dutch of relative-names and other related words
EMN = East Middle Dutch (Spoken in the Eastern parts of the Netherlands)
Red coloured words = one and the same word can be applied to various relatives
Blue coloured words = words with more than one meaning: often quite different!
Brown coloured words = predominantly words appearing in the Southern Netherlands

popup button genealogical wordlist

English
Modern Dutch
Middle Dutch (1150- 1500)
7G-Grandfather
Stamvader 
7G-Grandmother
Stammoeder 
6G-Grandfather
Oudbetovergrootvader 
6G-Grandmother
Oudbetovergrootmoeder 
5G-Grandfather
Oudovergrootvader 
5G-Grandmother
Oudovergrootmoeder 
Great-great-great-great-grandfather
Oudgrootvader 
Great-great-great-great-grandmother
Oudgrootmoeder 
Great-great-great-grandfather
OudvaderOudevader, outvader
Great-great-great-grandmother
Oudmoeder 
   
...top
Great-great-grandfather
Betovergrootvader 
Great-great-grandmother
Betovergrootmoeder 
Great-grandfather
OvergrootvaderOveroude(r)vader
Great-grandmother
OvergrootmoederOudegrotevrouwe, overoudemoeder
Grandfather
Grootvader, opa Oude(r)vader, outvader, oom, schoonhere, aldenvader
Grandmother
Grootmoeder, oma Oude(r)moeder, oldemoeder, outmoeder, schonevrouwe, aldenmoeder
Great-uncle
Oudoom, grootoom Oud(e)oom, outoom, overoom, halfoom
Great-aunt
Oudtante, groottante Oudemoeye, overmoeye
Aunt
Tante

moddere, moedere (mothers' sister)
moey(e), moye, muye, moene, moen
(EMN)

Uncle
OomOom, ome, ohem
   
...top
Father-in-law
SchoonvaderSchoonvader, swager(e), swaiger, zwager, zweer, sweer, swere, swegerhere, swegervader, swieher, behuwdvader
Mother-in-law
SchoonmoederSchoonmoeder, schonemoeder, zwagerinne, swagerinne, sweger, zweger, swegervrouwe, snaar, snaere, snair, snoer(e), snorre
Parents
OudersOuder, older, elder
Father
VaderVader
Mother
MoederMoeder, moder, mater(e)
Son
ZoonSone, soon, zone, zuen
Daughter
Dochter 
Child
KindKind, kint
Male child; boy
Kind van het mannelijk geslacht; jongenManboort
Male children; boys
Kinderen van het mannelijk geslacht, kroost; jongens Mansoor, mans(h)oir
Female child; girl
Kind van het vrouwlijk geslacht; meisjeWijf(s)geboort
Son-in-law
SchoonzoonSchoonsone, behouden zoon, behuwdzoon, swager(e), swaiger, swagelinc, zwager
Daughter-in-law
SchoondochterSchoondochter,snaar, snaere, snair, behuwddochter
Sister-in-law
Schoonzus(ter); zwagerin Schoonsuster, swagerinne, zwagerinne, swegerinne, swegerse.snaar, snaere, snair
Brother-in-law
Zwager; schoonbroeder Susterman, swager(e), swaiger, zwager, swagelinc, schoonbroeder, Oom, behuwdbroeder
   
...top
Brother
Broer, broeder Broer,broeder, broder, brueder
Sister
Zus(ter)Suster, zuster
Siblings, sibship
Broers en zussen 
Grandson
KleinzoonNeef, neve
Granddaughter
KleindochterNichte
Grandchild
KleinkindKinderkint, kintskint
Great-grandson
Achterkleinzoon 
Great-granddaughter
Achterkleindochter 
Nephew
Neef, broederszoon, oomzeggerBro(e)dersoon, bro(e)dersone, neef, neve, sustersone, zustersone, kozijn
Cousin (m)
(Volle) neef, rechtsweerNeef, neve, oomssone, oomskint, voorbaren, vorebaren, mo(e)yenkint, zweer, sweer, swere
Niece
Nicht, broedersdochter, oomzegsterSusterdochter, zusterdochter, susterkint, nicht(e), nevinne, moeye, moye, muye
Cousin (f)
(Volle) nicht, rechtsweerNicht(e), nevinne, mo(e)yenkint, moeye, moye, muye
Grand-nephew, great-nephew, second cousin
Achterneef, naneel Outsusterlinc, achterbaren, achterboren, naneve
Grand-niece,great-niece, second cousin
Achternicht, nanicht  

second cousin
(child from a cousin)
First cousin once removed (?)

Achterneef /Achternicht

Andersweer, achterrechtsweer
   
...top
Spouse (m), husband
Echtgenoot, gadeGade, man(ne)
Spouse (f), wife
Echtgenote, vrouwGade, wijf(f), wiif, wif, wief, ech(t)schap, exschap, esschap, ech(t)schip
Spouses
Echtpaar 
Spouse, better half
WederhelftWederhelfte
Married woman
Getrouwde vrouw Man(ne)wijf
   
Widow
WeduweWeduwe, weduwi(j), wduwede, wedewede, weddahe, weduwi, wedewi, wedewe, weedwi(e), wedevrouwe,
Widower
WeduwnaarWedena(e)r, weduwenaer, wedeman, wedu(w)are, weduere, wedeware, widewere,
Levite/Levetical (?) marriage
Leveriaatshuwelijk 
    
Step Father
Stiefvader 
Step Mother
StiefmoederMoeye, moye, muye
Step Son
Stiefzoon 
Step Daughter
Stiefdochter 
Step Sister
Stiefzus(ter) 
Step Brother
Stiefbroer 
Half Brother
Halfbroe(de)r, halve broederHalfbro(e)der, halve broeder
Half Sister
HalfzusterHalve suster
   
...top
Godfather, sponsor
Peet(vader), peter, doopvader, peetoomPeeter, pete, peter, pet(e)rijn, peteren, vadder
Godmother, sponsor
Peetmoeder, meter, doopmoeder, peettanteMeter, metrijn, pete, vadder(sche),moeder, moder
Godson
PeetzoonPete, peter , petrijn
Goddaughter
PeetdochterPete, peter, petrine
Godchild
PetekindPeter, pet(e)rijn
Sponsorship
Peetschap 
To stand godmother to a child
Peet staan voor een kind 
    
Ancestor, forefather, progenitor
VoorvaderVorevader, voorvader, oude vader, oude(r)vader, outvorder, outvoirvader
Ancestors, forefathers, forbears
VooroudersOuderinc, ouder, older, elder, vorevorders, voorvorders, voirvorders, voorvorderen, voirvorderen
Female ancestor, ancestress
Voorouder (vrouwelijk)
...top
   
Orphan (m/f)
Wees(kind)We(e)s(e), weyse, wesekint, we(e)skint, orfenijn
Orphan (m)
WeesjongenWeseknechtkijn
Child, born out of wedlock
Onecht kindMoedersone, moedersoon, hoerenkint
Son, born out of wedlock
Onechte zoon Ho(e)rensone, Hoerenstronte
Daughter, born out of wedlock
Onechte dochter Hoerendochter, huerendochter
[Hoer = whore]
Illegitimate (child)
Buitenechtelijk (kind)  
    
Former or previous husband
Vroegere of vorige echtgenootVoorman, voreman
Former or previous spouse, wife
Vroegere of vorige echtgenoteVoorwijf, voirwijf, vorewijf
Children from the first/previous marriage
VoorgeboorteVoorgeboorte
1.Daughter from a previous marriage
2. Daughter beget before the wedding
VoordochterVoordochter
1.Son from a previous marriage
2. Son beget before the wedding
VoorzoonVoorzoon
Stepchildren from a previous marriage
VoorkinderVo(o)rkinder
   
   
Guardian; matron of an orphanage
Voogd; weesvader Voremont, voremonde, voormonder, voirmonde(r), voirmont, voormont, voirmunt, voirmunder, vor(e)momb(a)er, voormomb(a)er, voirmomb(a)er, wesemeester, we(e)smeester
Guardianship, custody
VoogdijVoremomb(a)erschap, voremonderschap, vo(o)rmombaerschap, vor(e)munderschap
   
Engagement, betrothal
VerlovingTr(o)uwenisse
Marriage
HuwelijkHuwelec, hulic, hi(e)lic, tr(o)uwinge, wedlock echtschap(esschap, exschap), (h)echte
To marry (transitive and intransitive), to give in marriage
Huwen, trouwen, uithuwelijkenH(o)uweliken, hieliken, hilliken, hiliken, echten(tr)
  
...top
Take to wife
Tot vrouw nemenBruden
Take to man
Tot man nemenMannen
To give in marriage
UithuwelijkenMannen
Bound by marriage
Door huwelijk (echt) verbondenEcht

(Marriage) portion, dowry
(in this case:
1. expensiveness as a pledge for the engagement or marrigage;
2. weddinggift from the bridegroom)

BruidschatTr(o)uwe(l)schat
(Marriage) portion, dowry
(in this case:
1. Dowry;
2. The goods given to the bridegroom

BruidschatHuwelijcsgoet, huwelijcsmedegave
Bride
BruidBrude, brode
Bridegroom
Brui(de)gomBrudegome, brudecom(e), brodegome, brodegoom,
Marriage-settlement
Huwelijkse voorwaarden Huwelijcsvorewerde, -voorwaerde, hilicsvorewerde, hillixvorewerde, hilichvorewerde, -voorwaerde
Marriage in community of property
In algemene huwelijksgemeenschap;In vollen bedde
Previous marriage
Vorig huwelijk Vorebedde, voorbedde, voorbet, voorbed
   
To divorce
ScheidenScheiden, scheden, scheien, scheen
None legal marriage bond
Onwettig huwelijk Echteloos
Birth
GeboorteGeborenisse, geborenheit, gebo(o)rde, geboort(e), geboirte, gebort(e), geboortelijcheit
Birthday
VerjaardagOuderdag
  
...top
Birthright; right of primogeniture
EerstgeboorterechtOuderdoem
Portion(s), to be given to the son(s)
BroederdeelBroederdeel
Portion(s), to be given to the sister(s)
ZusterdeelSusterdeel
Division of property between brother(s) and sister(s)
Boedelscheiding tussen broer(s) en zuster(s)Broederscheidinge
Midwife
VroedvrouwWysmoeder, wiesmoeder, wyesmoeder, wijsvrouwe
   
Kinship
(Bloed) verwantschap Sibbicheit, sib(be)heit, sibbinge
Kinsfolk
FamilieledenSibbe, zibbe, sebbe
Kinsman, -woman
Bloedverwant(e)Male: sibbemaegh, sibbevrient. Male/female: sibbe
Allied, related (by marriage) (Male)
Aanverwant, aangetrouwd (door huwelijk)Swagerlinc, behuwd
(On the) father's side,
paternal
Van vaderskant, -zijdeSweertmaighe, swertman, zwertman, swe(e)rtside, swaertside, zwertside
(On the) mother's side, maternal
Van moederskant, -zijdeSpilleside
(On the) husband's side
Van manszijdeSwe(e)rthalven, zweerthalven
(On the) woman's side
Van vrouwskant Spillemaegh, spillemage, spilleside
   
Bachelor
Vrijgezel 
Unattached woman
Alleenstaande vrouw  
  
...top

Broer, broeder, broder, brueder1. fellow man; 2. friar, (lay)brother; 3. colleague; 4. lowest rank in a religious order of knighthood; 5. fellow, companion, mate
...back
Bruden1. take to wife; 2. sexual intercourse
...back
Ech(t)schap, exschap, esschap, ech(t)schip1. marriage; 2. spouse
...back
Echt1. Bound by marriage; 2. legal
...back
Echten
1. to marry (transitive); 2. to legitimate; 3. to exile, banish, expell; 4. to outlaw
...back
Huwelec, hulic, hi(e)lic, echtschap1. marriage, matrimomial allience; 2. carnal-, sexual intercourse
...back
H(o)uweliken, hieliken, hilliken, hiliken1. to marry, wed (transitive and intransitive); 2. to give in marriage; 3. to have carnal-, sexual intercourse
...back
In vollen bedde1.Marriage in community of property; during the marriage
...back
Moeder, moder 1. mother; 2. godmother; 3. pregnant woman; 4. female animal; 5. female overseer, governess; 6. source, root; 7. womb; 8. name of several internal illnesses ('hevemoeder', 'hachtmoeder' and 'beermoeder')
...back
Neef, neve1. grandson; 2. cousin; 3. co-religionist; 4. friend, acquaintance
...back
Nicht1. Kinswoman; 2. niece, granddaughter; 3. in East Middle Dutch it means: not
...back
Oom1. uncle; 2. pawnshop
...back
Oudevader 1. grandfather; 2. ancestor, forefather, progenitor;
3. patriarch; 4. stork
...back
Snoer(e), snorre 1. daughter in law; 2. adulterous woman
...back
Swager
Swagerinne
Any male person, married into a family
Any female person, married into a family
...back
Wijf(f), wiif, wif, wief1. woman, girl; 2. immoral woman; 3. married woman; 4. spouse; 5. (maid-) servant; 6. female animal
...back

Sources:
1. J.Verdam, "Middelnederlandsch Handwoordenboek", Martinus Nijhoff, 's-Gravenhage, 1932;
2. Van Dale, "Groot Woordenboek der Nederlandse Taal", Martinus Nijhoff, 's-Gravenhage, 1976 [2dln.]


contact the webmaster

Found an old Dutch relative-name? You can contact me.
Found a Dutch word in an old document you don't understand? You can also ask me.