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Municipal rights of Dutch towns

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Municipal rights of Dutch towns in chronological order
Town
Date
Remarks
10th century
   
Deventer
956
Officially never received municipal rights. Probably due to the fact that Deventer -like Utrecht and Groningen- had grown out to real towns before the ritual of granting municipal rights became in fashion.
Groningen
1040
Emperor Hendrik III of the German Empire donated his villa in Groningen to the Bisshop of Utrecht. Officially Groningen never recieved municipal rights: the town more or less -due to their power- took the rights themselves [See also Deventer]
11th century
   
Stavoren
11th century
 
12th century
   
Hulst
12th century
 
Utrecht
1122
Officially Utrecht never received municipal rights. Bisshop Godewald has granted the citizens of Utrecht and Muiden certain rights. It's, however, unclear which rights actually have been given. It's mentioned that Emperor Hendrik V did confirm these rights by granting Utrecht municipal rights, but this still is not proven. The first town-seal appeared in 1196[See also Deventer]
Aardenburg
1127
 
Biervliet
1183
 
Zutphen
1190/1196
Count Otto of Gelre
s-Hertogenbosch
1185/1196
 
13th century
   
Sneek
13th century
 
Tiel
13th century
 
Maastricht
1204
 
Axel
1213
 
Geertruidenberg
1213
 
Middelburg
1217
 
Dordrecht
1220
 
Domburg
1223
 
...top
Westkapelle
1223
 
Nijmegen
1230
 
Oisterwijk
1230
 
Zwolle
1230
 
Harderwijk
1231
 
Roermond
1231
 
Eindhoven
1232
 
Sint Oedenrode
1232
 
Arnhem
1233
 
Elburg
1233
 
Gendt
1233
 
Grave
1233
 
Lochem
1233
 
Kampen
1236
 
Doesburg
1237
 
Doetinchem
1237
 
Oostburg
1237
 
Sint Anna ter Muiden
1242
 
Rijssen
1243
 
Sittard
1243
 
...top
Haarlem
1245
Granted by count Willem II of Holland
Delft
1246
 
s-Gravenzande
1246
Granted by count Willem II of Holland
Ommen
1248
 
Zierikzee
1248
 
Oldenzaal
1249
 
Breda
1252
 
Hasselt
1252
 
Alkmaar
1254
 
Amersfoort
1259
 
Vreeland
1260
 
Goor
1263
 
Wageningen
1263
 
Oudewater
1265
 
Leiden
1266
 
Montfort
1271 (?)
 
Nieuwstadt
1271 (?)
 
...top
Gouda
1272
Granted by count Floris V of Holland
Vlaardingen
1273
 
Genemuiden
1275
 
Schiedam
1275
 
Susteren
1276
 
Groenlo
1277
 
Schoonhoven
1280
 
Nieuwpoort
1283
 
Woudrichem
1284
 
Leeuwarden
1285
 
Medemblik
1289
 
Sluis
1290
 
Gein
1295
Destroyed in 1333. At this spot you'll find now the village of Nieuwegein (Nieuwe=new)
Muiden
1296
 
Beverwijk
1298
Granted by count Jan I of Holland
Dokkum
1298
 
Staverden
1298
Granted by German King Rudolf to count Reinout of Gelderland. The 'town' of Staverden, though, merely consists of a Castle and a few farmhouses at the estate. Total population: about 40 persons.
...top
Hattem
1299
 
14th century
   
Ameide
14th century
 
Amsterdam
1300/1306
Granted by the Bisshop of Utrecht. It still remains uncertain though whether this took place in 1300 or 1306
Eembrugge
1300
 
Wijk bij Duurstede
1300
Granted by Gysbert II van Abcoude
IJzendijke
1127/1303
 
Waalwijk
1303
 
Brielle
1306
 
Goedereede
1312
 
Asperen
1313
 
IJlst
1315
 
Vlissingen
1315
 
Zaltbommel
1315
 
Harlingen
1317
 
Culemborg
1318
Granted by Johan van Beusichem
Heusden *
1318
 
...top
Gorinchem
1322
 
Groot-Ammers
1322
 
Enschede
1325
 
Ootmarsum
1325
 
Appingedam
1327
 
Steenwijk
1327
 
Maasbommel
1328
 
Montfoort
1329
 
Wessem
1329
 
Bolsward
1331
 
IJsselstein
1331
 
Steenbergen
1331
 
Wilsum
1331
 
Delden
1333
 
Grafhorst
1333
 
Vianen
1336
 
Rotterdam
1340
 
Echt
1343
 
...top
Venlo
1343
 
Eemnes-Buiten
1345
 
Helmond
1346
 
Bergen op Zoom
1347
 
Huissen
1348
 
Batenburg
1349
 
Vollenhove
1354
 
Berlicum
1355
 
Enkhuizen
1355
 
Monnikendam
1355
 
Naarden
1355
 
Veere
1355
 
Weesp
1355
Granted by count Willem V
Edam
1357
 
Hoorn
1357
 
Klundert
1357
 
Megen
1357
 
...top
Hardenberg
1362
 
Broek
1364
 
Rhenen
1364
 
Tholen
1366
 
Gennep
1371
 
Woerden
1371
 
Hindeloopen
1372
 
Franeker
1374
 
Reimerswaal
1374
 
Workum
1374
 
Borculo
1375
 
s-Heerenberg
1379
 
Ravenstein
1380
 
Geervliet
1381
 
Hagestein
1382
Lords of Hagestein
Bunschoten
1383
 
Baarn
1391
 
...top
Heukelum
1391
 
Almelo
1394
 
Buren
1395
 
Haastrecht
1396
 
Noordwijk
1398
 
Oss
1399
 
15th century
   
Schellinkhout
1402
 
Keppel
1404
 
Goes
1405
 
Leerdam
1407
 
Coevorden
1408
 
Purmerend
1410
 
Nijkerk
1413
 
Abbekerk
1414
 
Hem
1414
 
Hoogwoud
1414
 
Spanbroek
1414
 
...top
Weert
1414
 
Westwoud
1414
 
Wognum
1414
 
Barsingerhorn
1415
 
Langedijk
1415
 
Niedorp
1415
 
Schagen
1415
 
Texel
1415
 
Winkel
1415
 
Terborg
1419
 
Sloten
1426
 
Zevenbergen
1427
 
Kortgene
1431
 
Wieringen
1432
 
Eemnes-Binnen
1439
 
Gramsbergen
1442
 
Valkenburg
1452
 
Heenvliet
1469
 
Brouwershaven
1477
 
Bronkhorst
1482
 
Zevenaar
1487
 
Sint Maartensdijk
1491
Granted by Johan II of Cleves.(In fact given to the 'plattelandsvrijheid' Zevenaar.
16th century
   
Philippine
1506
 
Cuyk
1550
 
Arnemuiden
1574
 
Willemstad
1583-1586
 
Terneuzen
1584
Granted by Willem van Oranje (confirmed by duke of Leicester)
17h century
   
Blokzijl
1672
 
19th century
   
Assen
1809
Granted by King Lodewijk Napoleon
Meppel
1809
 
Oosterhout
1809
 
Tilburg
1809
 
s-Gravenhage
1811
 
Maassluis
1811
 
Zaandam
1811
 
Winschoten**
1825
 
...top

*) Different sources mention respectively: 1231, 1318 and between1290 and 1296

**) Recognition by the Dutch King Willem I

Doubtful: Nieuwe Schans, Oude Schans, Winschoten, Bourtange (all in the province of Groningen), Den Helder (prov. of Noord-Holland), Bredevoort (prov. of Gelderland) and Hellevoetsluis (prov. of Zuid-Holland)
Sources

Cox, J. : "Overzicht Nederlandse steden met het jaar van stadsrechtverlening". blz 78/79
Cox, J. et al. : "En bracht de schare tot kalmte.Bespiegelingen over de gemeentesecretaris doorde eeuwen heen".

Sdu Uitgeverij, Den Haag, 1997. Met aanvullingen van Daniel van der Ree