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the vault

2 contemporary dutch painters
Nice gallery of two Dutch artists: oilpainting, watercolor's and drawings. Worth a visit.

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Dutch landscapes and other
free work of the
Dutch painter, illustrator
Piet Eggen

photographs from the Netherlands
Gallery of the Netherlands.
Click the picture to visit this growing database of pictures of Dutch landscapes, townviews, mill's and rivers.
(Amateur) photographers daily provide this database of new photographs from all over the country. If you want to have your personal photo of any place in the Netherlands added to this database, just feel free to contact me

 

French Flanders

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French Flanders

How to define 'French Flanders'

French Flanders, Southern Flanders, Maritime Flanders etc. all are names used to indicate, describe an area with no fixed borders. Thus talking about 'French Flanders' is talking about something pretty vague.
Remnants of Dutch culture and language yet can be found in the outmost northeastern part of France: around the towns of Dunkirk, St. Omer and Hazebrouck.This is roughly the area bordered by the Northsea and the rivers Leie and A, called 'de Westhoek'. One could define this area as 'French Flanders'.[80.000 Dutch-speakers]
Scientific research has proven though that a -more southern- line can be drawn from the French port Etaples via Montreuil, Hesdin and Bethune to the town of Lille (Rijssel) as the linguistical border between Dutch and French:
the area north of this line can be defined as the 'French Flanders'.[see the map]

Louis XIV (1643-1713), the French King

Captured:
By the end of the 16th century following areas were captured from the Spanish Netherlands:
Landrecies /Landerschie, Avesnes /Avenne,
Le Quesnoy /Kiezenet.

Between 1659 and 1678 France captured the following coastal areas from the Spanish Netherlands:
Montreuil /Monsterhole,Etaples/Stapel,
Boulogne /Bonen, Calais/Kales,
Gravelines /Grevelingen, Dunkerque /Duinkerke

Acquired by Treaties:
1659 Peace of the Pyrenees
Acquired by the French King:
Hesdin/Heusden - Bapaume/Bapalmen - Arras/Atrecht - Douai/Dowaai - Bétune/Betun,Bourbourg/Broekburg
1668 Peace of Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle]
The French King acquired:
St. Winoksbergen, Lille /Rijsel, Condé /Konde along the river Schelde and Armentiers
1678 Peace of Nijmegen
The French King acquired:
the regions and towns, Le Cateau,
Cambrai /Kamerijk, Bouchain /Boesem, Valencienne /Valensijn, Condé /Konde,
Bavai /Bavik, Maubeuge /Malbode.

1713 Peace of Utrecht
The French King had to cede to the Austrian Netherlands:
Veurne, Ieper, Menen, Kortrijk, Doornik, Binche, Philippeville and Marienbourg

French Flanders Links
 
Calvinist Preaching in French Flanders in June 1566
French Flanders. General info and toponymic lexicon
List of names placenames appearing in Southern- and French Flanders, Artois and Picardy. Dutch-French spellings [the page is in Dutch and French]
French-Flemish names of villages and towns in French Flanders
 
 
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French placenames
Dutch placenames
Aire sur Lys
Armentières
Arras
Audruicq
Bailleul
Bergues
Blanc-Nez
Bois-Sec
Bondues
Boulogne
Bourbourg
Bousbecque
Calais
Cambrai
Clairmarais
Comines
Coudescure
Douai
Dunkerque
Eperlecques
Estaires
Etaples
Flêtre
Grande-Synthe
Gravelines
Grinez
Guines
Halluin
Hardifort
Hesdin
Le Doulieu
Les Moëres
Lille-en-Flandre
Linselles
Merville
Mont des Récollets
Neuf-Berquin
Nieppe
Nieurlet
Petite-Synthe
Quaëdypre
Renescure
Roubaix
Saint Quentin
Saint-Momelins
Saint-Omer
Sangatte
Sercus
Thérouanne
Tourcoing
Valenciennes
Wallon-Cappel
Warneton
Warneton-Bas
Watten
Wissand
Wervicq-Sud
Ariën aan de Leie
Armentiers
Atrecht
Ouderwijk
Belle
Sint-Winoksbergen
Blankenes
Drooghout
Bonduwe
Bonen or Beunen
Broekburg or Burburg
Busbeke
Kales
Kamerijk
Klommeres
Komen
Koudescheure
Dowaai
Duinkerke
Sperleke
Stegers
Stapel
Vleteren
Groot-Sinten
Grevelingen
Zwartenes
Gizene
Halewijn
Harrevoorde
Heusden
Zoetestede
Moerekerke
Rijsel
Linsele
Meregem or Mergem
Wouwenberg
Zuid-Berkijn
Nipkerke or Niepkerke
Nieuwerleet
Klein-Sinten
Kwaadieper
Ruischeure
Robeke
Sint-Kwintens
Sint-Momelingen
Sint-Omaars
Zandgat
Zerkel or Zurkel
Terwaan or Terenburg
Toerkonje or Torkwin
Valensijn
Waalskappel
Zuid-Waasten
Zuid-Neerwaasten
Waten
Witzant
Zuid-Wervik
Rough sketch of
'French Flanders'
Click the lightgreen area to see a larger (not historical) map of the French Flanders area. Look below to find details from the border-corrections in the 17th- and 18th century

french flanders

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French Flanders: acquired and ceded territories

click here for detailled maps

french flanders

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