romans

romans

frisian, saxons and franks frisian saxon frankish

beginning middle ages

...top

frank 481-614

...top

the frankish empire

frank768-814

...top

treaty of verdun

verdun

...top

the feudal states

feudal

...top

netherlands 1559

...top

The Netherlands at the beginning of the 12 Years Truce in 1609

neth.1609

...top

up

the republic 1648 spanish netherlands

republic 1648